What is the Electoral College and why was it originally created?
As prescribed in the U.S. Constitution, American presidents are elected not directly by the people, but by the people’s electors. The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress.
Who were the first electoral college?
1788–89 United States presidential election
Why was the Electoral College put into place?
The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The Founding Fathers established it in the Constitution, in part, as a compromise between the election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.
What happens if there is an Electoral College tie?
In such a situation, the House chooses one of the top three presidential electoral vote-winners as the president, while the Senate chooses one of the top two vice presidential electoral vote-winners as vice president.
How old is electoral college?
If you’re a United States citizen, 18 years of age or older, you probably think you have the right to vote for presidential candidates in the national election.
Who is the electoral college made up of?
When people cast their vote, they are actually voting for a group of people called electors. The number of electors each state gets is equal to its total number of Senators and Representatives in Congress. A total of 538 electors form the Electoral College. Each elector casts one vote following the general election.
Has any president run unopposed?
Taking place at the height of the Era of Good Feelings, the election saw incumbent Democratic-Republican President James Monroe win re-election without a major opponent. It was the third and last United States presidential election in which a presidential candidate ran effectively unopposed.
What are two criticisms of the electoral college?
Three criticisms of the College are made:
- It is “undemocratic;”
- It permits the election of a candidate who does not win the most votes; and.
- Its winner-takes-all approach cancels the votes of the losing candidates in each state.
Why did the Founding Fathers create the Electoral College quizlet?
The framers created the Electoral College, because they didn’t trust the people to make electoral decisions on their own. They wanted the president chosen by what they thought of as “enlightened statesmen”.
How are electoral votes per state?
Electoral votes are allocated among the States based on the Census. Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate plus a number of votes equal to the number of its Congressional districts.
Has there ever been an Electoral College tie?
The 1800 election resulted in a tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr. In the election of 1836, which made Martin Van Buren president, Kentucky’s former Democratic senator Richard M. Johnson fell one electoral vote short of a majority among four vice-presidential candidates.
Who is the only US president to serve in the Senate after his presidency?
Only one president, Andrew Johnson, served as a U.S. senator after his presidency.
How many Electoral College votes are there in the US?
Of the current 538 electors, an absolute majority of 270 or more electoral votes is required to elect the president and vice president.